This was a landmark year for the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) as the trials of the last two remaining indictees, Ratko Mladić and Goran Hadžić, began in May and October respectively. These represent a significant milestone for international justice and regional reconciliation and have again shown that there is no impunity for those accused of war crimes.
The UK continued to play a leading role in promoting and supporting the work of the tribunal and providing regular practical support, including access to records, UK-based witnesses, and the enforcement of ICTY prison sentences.
In 2013, the ICTY will begin the transition of its remaining essential functions, including witness protection, to the Residual Mechanism. The UK will continue to support this transition and work to secure the legacy of the ICTY. Continued cooperation with the ICTY and the domestic prosecution of war crimes will also remain important to any potential EU membership for states in the Western Balkans.